Oliphant, Marcus Laurence Elwin

Identity area

Type of entity

Person

Authorized form of name

Oliphant, Marcus Laurence Elwin

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • Professor (Sir) Mark Oliphant KBE BSc(Adel) MA PhD (Cambridge) LLD (St Andrews) FRSNZ FAA FRS

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1901 - 2000

History

Sir Mark Oliphant was born on 8 October 1901 at Kent Town, South Australia.
Oliphant received his BS (University of Adelaide) in 1926; PhD Physics (Cambridge University) in 1929. He taught and worked alongside Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand-born physicist, as Assistant Director of Research, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge in 1935. From 1937 to 1950 Oliphant was Poynting Professor of Physics, University of Birmingham. He was a member of the UN Official International Atomic Energy Commission from 1946-1947, and member of the Academic Advisory Committee of the Australian National University from 1947-1950. In 1950 he was appointed as the first Director of the Research School of Physical Sciences, Australian National University. He was a Foundation Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science in 1954, and the academy’s first President from 1954 to 1957.He continued his association with the ANU as Professor and Head of Particle Physics, 1954–1964; Professor, Physics of Ionised Gases Unit at the ANU, 1964–1967. From 1971-1976 he was Governor of South Australia. Oliphant was the recipient of numerous fellowships, honorary doctorates and awards including Fellow of the Royal Society 1937; Faraday Medal, Institution of Electrical Engineers 1948; Matthew Flinders Medal, Australian Academy of Science 1961; Foundation Fellow, Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering 1975; ANZAAS Medal 1979. Oliphant died in Canberra on 14 July 2000.

Places

Birmingham; Cambridge; South Australia

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

academic; nuclear physicist; state politician; university administrator

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

Research School of Physics and Engineering (1948 -)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1950 - 1963

Description of relationship

Director

Related entity

Academic Advisory Committee (1947 - 1951)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1947 - 1950

Description of relationship

Member, Academic Advisory Committee

Access points area

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Entered from deposit description on 29 May 2012

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Australian National University Calendars
Bright Sparcs Biographical entry, http://www.asap.unimelb.edu.au/bsparcs/biogs/P000683b.htm (accessed on 18 November 2011)
Australian Academy of Science, http://www.science.org.au/fellows/memoirs/oliphant.html (accessed on 18 November 2011)
Obituaries Australia, http://oa.anu.edu.au/obituary/oliphant-sir-marcus-laurence-mark-782 (accessed on 18 November 2011)

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